This is a a series of notes on the text or Robert McIlvane Torrence's book Torrens and Allied Families which was published in 1938. The left hand frame (this one) contains the notes and the right hand one, the text of the book. This is useful because it enables me (Richard Torrens, owner of this site) to quote the data and comment on it, without causing any confusion as to what is data and what is comment!

It should be noted that the book was scanned in and OCR'd to give the text. It contains, of course, a lot of names and dates - which no spell checker can correct, so proof-reading it is a very large task. Needless to say, proof reading has not been completed and there are going to be very many errors!


The original work was, of course, printed. For that purpose its layout was deliberately 'squashed' to reduce printing costs, so that lists of descendants were not printed as lists, but as blocks of text. This of course compromises readability. HTML is a different medium and allows, for instance, hot links (which no book can manage) and numbered lists. As part of the project I shall therefore be removing most of the original printed layout and changing the text markup to reflect these possibilities, and maybe using colour in places. This is not to deprecate the original but rather to expand it in the spirit of the WWW.

The original included page foot notes, which of course break up the text flow, so these have been removed to this page where they shown in red with a red note such as Note 43-1 in the original text.

To avoid confusion, notes which I have added are shown in purple with a similar note such as Note 22-5 . The first number in each case is the page number in the original to which that note refers.

I cannot entirely retain the original page numbers as it they break up text flow and particularly lists of descendants to an unnecessary extent, so a small graphic 1 is inserted where the page breaks were. The number with the graphic is the page number: this graphic is the end of the page with that number.

Ancestor numbers have also been expanded, to make each number unique, yet this has been done in such a way that RMT's original numbering is not lost, so, for instance, Hugh Torrens of Mayoughill was numbered 1 in RM's book and is herein numbered 501.

From time to time modern descendants have added to these pages: these additions are shown in green text.


In the Torrens families there exist two major genealogical books of good repute:

However, certain 'facts' in the second book seem to jar slightly. The more we learnt of the Irish genealogy, the less possible seemed some of these statements. Now My own father, Robert George Torrens acquired a sheaf of notes from Robert Grier Torrence, son of RMT who wrote the second book. Some of these notes are original letters concerning Jared's search. Some of these throw a little light on the suspected errors. I am therefore annotating the text highlighting some of the points I feel uneasy with. This may seem overly critical but the truth is that RMT's book is good and full of information. Highlighting possible flaws should help to prove the books worth rather than detract from it!


The whole text was scanned and passed through Optical Character Recognition then spell-checked. However, OCR and spell checkers do poorly on names and dates. Beware therefore that there may be errors. In particular several times 3 was misread as 8 - so dates such as 1885 could be 1835. Please point out errors.


Part 1

Note 1-1 Encyclopedia Britannica, vol.13, pp.864-5.

Note 2-1 Encyclopedia Britannica, vol.24, p.429.

Note 2-2 Ibid., vol.24, p.430. Note 2-3 Ibid., vol.24, p.430.

Note 3-1 For more comments on this story see The story of Robert the Bruce

Note 9-1 Most of the places mentioned in these Scottish wills and other documents are in Avon Dale: the river Avon joins the sea at Irvine and Avondale runs east to west from Kilmarnock through Strathaven to Stonehouse, then from the north.

'Brounhills' is one place I have not located, but it could be Broomhill about 2 miles north of Stonehouse.

Note 11-1 Burke's Visitation of Seats and Arms, vol.4, p.56.

Note 12-1 In the ancient Scots dialect quh was interchangeable with wh so umquhile translates to 'unwhile' - or deceased.

Part 2

Note 13-1 Allane was doubtless Allan, Flemyng was Fleming, Younge was Young, and Wat younger, was Thomas Watt, Jr. The "Kirk of Torrence" was referred to as the "Kirk of Torrens."

Note 14-1 Hairmyers exists today and is about 2m due east of East Kilbryde.

Note 14-2 In the testaments quoted, most names of witnesses may be found listed among the "heads of families of Kilbride," as appear in Dr. Ure's book, pp. 174, 175

Note 14-3 Personally, I find this migration unproven: there are records as early as 1497 of Torrenses in Avondale: indeed between 1497 and 1517 we find the names John T., Robert T., Alan T., William T., Simon T. and a Gilbert T., of unknown relationship, in Avondale. See Origin of the Name Torrens for more thoughts.

Note 16-1 The full transcript of the will of Archibald Terence is available in the documents area

Note 16-2 as it the full transcript is this will.

Note 16-3 and Alex of Mullahinches will. The three are clearly connected and we believe we know how they fit into the early Bann valley families. But there is no proof!

Note 18-1 Ballyacran is in the parish of Tamlaghtfinlagen.

Note 20-1 The Descendants of Lewis Hart and Anne Elliott, pp.183-203.

Note 21-1 To this day, RMT's interpretation of the early Bann Valley families seems still the most likely, but there is no absolute proof.

Note 21-2 The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vol.36, p.286.

Note 21-3 It is my belief that Mungo returned to Scotland. The name Mungo is unknown in Ireland (see Traditional Naming Patterns) but there was a Mungo Torrence of Strathaven, a constable in Hamilton Lanarkshire, in 1710. See The Early Hughs of the Torrens Family in Ulster

Note 22-1 In 1921 Jared Sidney Torrance employed J W Kernohan with the expressed intention of tracing records of Sgt Hugh in the Bann Valley. The attempt was completely unsuccessful and the only possible conclusion is that Sgt Hugh had bo connection whatsoever with the Bann Valley. In view of the fact that Jared's research notes were made available to RMT, this assertion is somewhat curious!

Note 22-2 My own father was at college in Dublin during this incident and he saw these records raining down on Dublin as a cloud of ashes.

Note 24-1 Full text of this bill is available in the documents area.

Note 25-1 Where these family records arose is unstated by RMT and that makes this statement open to severe doubt! J.W. Kernohan, investigating the Irish records for J S Torrance, could find no mention of any record which could relate to any family of Sgt Hugh! The name Albert is particularly suspicious - it was extremely rare at that time and virtually unknown in Ireland.

Part 3

Note 29-1 The reasoning and data behind Albert's family needs to be carefully checked as there is one known error in the tree. There is lots of data on John Torrens of Culnamen and this has been very carefully examined. There is no chance that his father was called Albert!

Whether this is the only error or what data caused the error is, as yet, unknown, but it does cast unfortunate doubt on Albert's family.

It should be noted that the name Albert is virtually unknown in Ireland in 1700s. One theory is that Albert is a misreading of Robert, a common name. Any person willing to check the existence of any of the mentioned documents might be able to shed more light on this.

Note 29-2 I. D. Rupps's History of Dauphin and Cumberland Counties, p.458.

Note 29-3 Land Office, Harrisburg, Book 18.

Note 29-4 G. O. Seithamer's Biographical Annals of Franklin County, Pennsylvania.

Note 29-5 History of Cumberland Valley in Pennsylvania, 1930, vol.1.

Note 29-6 Patent Book AA, No.15, Land Office, Harrisburg, p.440.

Note 29-7 Frederick Mort's Lanarkshire, Cambridge Press, p.95.

Note 29-8 Will Book B, p.232.

Note 30-1 Published by Frank M. Torrence of State College, Pennsylvania, 1926.

Note 31-1 Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pa., Deed Book 7, p.300.

Note 32-1 Volume 11, page 169.

Note 32-2 See A Genealogical Fairy Tale? Mitchel's book indicates he had a vivid imagination and it seems probable that RMT did not notice the statement 'Would say that Thomas Torrance etc..' Mitchel is clearly guessing here.

Notice also the name 'Styles' mentioned as a brother of Thomas and Samuel. There is a known and documented Stiles Torrence Stiles Torrance (1.6.1774 to 24.5.1838), son to Robert Torrance who married Lucy Peck. The name Stiles/Styles can hardly have been common then and it looks to me as if one person has been used twice! The dates look too similar for comfort!

It may be that, if Mitchel's data is removed from this tree, the rest is essentially correct.

Note 34-1 Isabel Sarah (Torrance7) Henderson

born in Buffalo, New York, September 14, 1865; died August 15, 1937;
married, March 22, 1899, Dr. William Robert Henderson, of Randolph, N.Y.

Note 35-1 Exactly where RMT's data/reasoning is wrong has not been ascertained, but it seems to be proven beyond reasonable doubt that John who married Jean did not have anyone named Albert as one of his ancestors. As far as can be ascertained, the most likely name for John's father is Alexander. See The Torrens families of Culnamen.

Note 35-1 Franklin County, Pa. Will Book A, p.340.

Note 35-2 A copy of this chart is in the posssession of the author of these notes, Richard Torrens. Much of the chart has been published in more deatil in Jared Sidney Torrence's book, The Descendants of Lewis Elliott and Anne Hart

Note 36-1 Franklin County, Deed Book, vol. iii,

Note 36-2 Frankin County, Will Book C, p. 580.

Note 36-3 Pennsylvania Archives, 5th series, vol. 6, p. 527.

Note 36-4 West Side Application, Harrisburg, p. 59.

Note 36-5 Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd series, vol. 20, p. 192.

Note 36-6 The original church was a long structure, built in 1743, but has been replaced by a beautiful old church, surrounded by a stone wall adjoining the graveyard. In this church, the old fashioned pews have individual doors on which are inscribed the names of the original pewholders. Among others, are the names: Jean Torrence, No.33; Hugh Ferguson, No.33; John Ferguson, No.30; James Gilleland, No.31; Captain Alexander Culbertson, No.35; Hon. John Rhea, M.C.; Captain Thomas Grier, No.40; Captain John McConnell, No.41; Adjutant John Wilson. Col. Joseph Culbertson was an Elder and Trustee. Major James McCalmont was a Trustee in 1786.

Note 37-1 Franklin County Probate Records, Will Book B.

37-2 The descendants of William Torrence and Martha Stull are alive and further details can be had from Lisa Laurent-Michel

Note 37-3 Index of Lands, Maryland Historical Society.

Note 37-4 Franklin County, Deed Book 8, p.536; Deed Book 9, pp. 157-8.

Note 37-5 William Henry Egle's Notes and Queries, 1899, p. 138.

Note 38-1 Early Connecticut Marriages, Volume Third.

Note 38-2 Robert Parke and his brother John were parishioners of the Reverend Samuel Dorrance in 1722. The Rev. Mr. Dorrance, who came from Ulster County, Ireland, had registered as Scotch-Irish at Glasgow University in 1709. He was licensed to preach by the Dumbarton Presbytery, Scotland, in 1719, and was received by the Presbytery of Coleraine. He came to America and settled in Voluntown Township, now included in Sterling Township, Connecticut, together with several brothers and friends. He was installed as town pastor in 1723; married Elizabeth Smith, August 1, 1720, and died November 12, 1775.

Since many are, seemingly, under the impression that the names Torrance and Dorrance are the same, the following from Frederick A. Godcharles' Pennsylvania-Political, Governmental, Military and Civil Biographical Volume, printed by the American Historical Society, Inc., New York, is relevant:

The surname Dorrance, variously spelled Durand, Durrant, Durrans, D'Orrance, and Duranee is of baptismal derivation, meaning the son of Durand. Assuredly, the name was originally French.

This same volume says George Dorrance, the founder of the family in America, was born in Ireland in 1675 and died September 22, 1754; that be came with his wife Marjory, who was born in 1673, died April 24, 1754, and his brothers John and Samuel; settled in Connecticut, where he died. The history of this family is quite fully given and includes his great-great-great grandson, Dr. John Thompson Dorrance, of Philadelphia, who was the president of the Campbell Soup Company and a director of many important banks and corporations.

It is believed that this Dorrance family which also came from the north of Ireland, and especially the Reverend Samuel Dorrance, influenced Thomas and Samuel Torrance to go to Connecticut where they became closely associated. It is probable that Samuel and Thomas Torrance influenced Robert Torrance to locate there. This Robert stopped off at Philadelphia; went to Chester; thence to Woodbury, Connecticut, where he married Lucy Peck in 1704 and finally located In Salisbury.

Note 40-1 Connecticut Historical Society Collections, vol. x; French anal Indian War Rolls', 17~1762, vol.2, p.280.

Note 40-2 Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War, vol.5, p.855.

Note 41-1 Revolutionary war Records, No.32645 Deposition of Edward Minor.

Note 41-2 Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War, vol.5, p.855.

Note 41-3 Cothren's History of Woodbury.

Note 41-4 Ibid., p.786.

Note 42-1 Woodbury Vital Statistics, pp.56, 59, 186.

Note 42-2 Early Connecticut Marriages, Book 5

Note 42-3 Connecticut Historical Society Collections. French and Indian War Rolls, 1758-1762.

Part 4

Note 43-1 I cannot help but be curious of the translation of Anon Torens into Aaron Torrence. There are reservations about the name Aaron: it was very uncommon in these early days, being unknown in the Torrence families of Northern Ireland.

Note 43-2 George Prowell, History of York County, Pennsylvania, vol.1, pp.153-5.

Note 44-1 Published in 1915, p. 48.

Note 44-2 Paull-Irwin, op. cit.; Ellis' History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania, p. 515.

Note 44-3 Copy on file at Harrisburg.

Note 45-1 Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd series, vol. xx, p. 217

Note 45-2 Land Office, Department of Interior, Harrisburg.

Note 46-1 In the book, there is at this point a chart showing the claim boundaries of Aaron Torance, and the adjacent lands owned by Davidd Redick, Thomas Wilson and John Wolfe.

Note 47-1 Franklin County Registry of Deeds, Chambersburg, Book 1, pp. 239-40; Book 6, p.467; Book 10, p.176.

Note 47-2 Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd series, vol. xx; 6th series, vol. xi, p.265.

Note 47-3 Pennsylvania Archives.

Note 47-3 Ibid., old series, vol. xi, p. 405; vol. xii, p.391.

Note 47-4 Probate Records, Allegheny County, Book 1, p.303.

Note 49-1 Original number 29170 Records office for Soldiers of the War of 1812, Navey Building, Washington, D. C.

Note 49-2 Hannah's Historical Collections of Hamilton County, Ohio.

Note 49-3 Publications of the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, vol.7, p.228.

Note 51-1 Pension papers.

Part 5

Note 53-1 Historical Register of Officers in the Continental Army, 1775-1783.

Note 53-2 Pennsylvania Archives, 6th series, vol. xi, p.193.

Note 53-3 History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania.

Note 54-1 Patent Book, Department of Interior, Harrisburg, p. 18.

Note 54-2 Washington County, Deed Book 1, p.552.

Note 54-3 Patent Book, Department of Interior, Harrisburg.

Note 54-4 Pennsylvania Archives, 6th series, vol. xiii, p. 211.

Note 54-5 Land Office, Department of Interior, Harrisburg.

Note 54-6 ibid.

Note 55-1 Fayette County, Pennsylvania, office of Register of Wills, Book 1, p. 324; transcribed in Book 1, p.l083

Note 55-2 University of Pennsylvania General Alumni Catalogue (1917), p.596.

Note 56-1 Ellis' History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania.

Note 56-2 Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd series, vol. xxii, pp.328, 389, 545, 601; vol. xx, p. 192.

Note 56-3 Ibid., 6th series, vol. iv, pp. 200, 202.

Note 57-1 Andrew Brown, born in Ireland, came to Pennsylvania in 1779; settling first on the Conococheague Creek, Franklin County and later on Mill Run, Fayette County; married, April 24, 1788, Jne Bingham and had issue:

  1. Hester Brown.
  2. Andrew Brown.
  3. Elizabeth Brown, who married Hugh C. Ford.
  4. Margaret Brown, who married James Torrence as above.

Note 57-2 Washington County Registry of Wills, Liber 4, folio 401.

Note 57-3 Ibid., Liber 5, folio 60.

Note 57-4 See Power footnote, under No.21, Susannah Torrence.

Note 58-1 A discrepancy will be noted between the date of John Torrence's birth in first paragraph, and that of his declaration in pension application. In this latter he frequently said, "I think," hence his memory may not have been as accurate as the family record.

Note 59-1 Original papers File Box No. XS, Record Room Probate Court of Green County, Xenia, Ohio.

Note 60-1 Collins' History of Kentucky says, "Lexington, the county seat was founded in 1778, A block house was built and a settlement commenced under the influence of Colonel Robert Patterson, joined by Messrs. McConnell, Lindsey and James Masterson. Mr. Alexander McConnell, in 1780, hunted deer here and was captured by the Indians. No white man is believed to have visited the site of Lexington before 1775."

Note 61-1 Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd series, vol.22, p.850.

Note 65-1 Is this a misprint or did William Wilcklow really marry both Linda Cowing and Carrie Cowing?

Note 65-2 Revolutionary War Records, No. 32645 - Deposition of Edward Minor, of Woodbury, Connecticut.

Part 6

Note 67-1 See Findlay Chapter.

Note 67-1 PATRICK POWER, Sa1 of East Nottingham Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania, died in 1786. His first wife's name was Annabella, surname unknown and his second, Jane, surname also unknown. Had five children:

  1. 1. John Power2
  2. 2. Mary Margaret (Finley) Power. After the death of his wife Susannah, Dr. Power married Nancy Jack Power2
  3. 3. Isabel Power2 married Thomas McCracken.
  4. 4. Robert Power2 no further record.
  5. 5. Patrick Power, Jr2 married Jean, surname unknown. Issue, four:
    1. i. The Rev. James Power3 born in 1748; died August 5, 1830; married a daughter of Philip Tanner, and left issue.
    2. ii. Margaret Power3 married Robert Power.
    3. iii. Jean Pown3 married John Cherry; settled in Ohio.
    4. iv. Col. John Power3 born June 6, 1757; died July 21, 1805; married, March 25, 1778, Margaret Finley, born 1756; died 1836, daughter of the Rev. James and Hannah (Evans) Finley, and removed to Washington County. Issue, six:
      1. 1. Janet Power4 born 1781; died 1789.
      2. 2. Patrick Power4 born 1782; died 1811; married, and had William Johnson Power5 and four daughters.
      3. 3. Margaret Power4 married in 1806, Samuel Woods.
      4. 4. Hannah Power4 born 1788; married in 1809, Robert Thompson.
      5. 5. Mary Power4 born 1793; married in 1819, John Torrence, son of Samuel and Jean (McConnell) Torrence, q.v.
      6. 6. James Power, M.D4 born 1799; died in 1864; married (1) Susannah Torrence as above, and (2) Nancy Jack, daughter of Captain John Jack of Revolutionary fame.

Note 71-1 History of Fayette County, p. 534.

Note 74-1 The Scotch-Irish in America, Eighth Congress, p. 215

Part 7

Note 83-1 This is Robert McIlvaine Torrence, author of this very book!

Note 83-2 Maryland Women, 1987, p.394.

Note 84-1 RMT lists the name as C. Land Rowe. A decendant states it is Charles Laird Rowe.

Note 92-1 The Centennial History of Saint Bartholomew's Church, pp.332-3

Part 8

Note 94-1 The History and Topography of Dauphin and Cumberland Counties, by I. D. Rupp, p.383.

Note 94-2 The Land Office, Harrisburg, Pa., Book 18.

Note 94-3 Pennsylvania Archives, series 3, vol.20, p. 270.

Note 98-1 History of Cumberland County, Pa., by I. D. Rupp.

Note 98-2 The Land Office, Harrisburg, Pa.

Note 98-3 Several other histories give an account of this.

Note 99-1 Historical Sketches of North Carolina, vol.1, p.381, by John H. Wheeler.

Note 99-2 Rumple's History.

Note 99-3 The Colonial Records of North Carolina, vol. 18, p. 118.

Note 99-4 Ibid., vol. 21, pp. 1065, 110, and 959.

Note 101-1 Ellis's History of Fayette County, Pa., p. 796.

Note 101-2 Patent Book No.23, p. 581, Harrisburg, Pa.

Note 101-3 Land Office, Harrisburg, Pa., Warrant Book.

Note 101-4 Land Office, Harrisburg, Pa., Grantor Book, 1-A.

Note 101-5 Pennsylvania Archives, 6th series, vol.7, p. 91.

Note 101-6 Ibid., p. 255.

Note 102-1 Will Rook 1, p. 283, transcribed in Book 1, p.930.

Note 102-2 Fayette County, Pa., WiZI Book 4, p. 101.

Note 102-3 Ellis' History of Fayette County, Pa.

Note 103-1 Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd series, vol.22.

Note 103-2 Patent Book No.9, Harrisburg, Pa.

Note 103-3 Ibid.

Note 103-4 Ibid.

Note 104-1 3rd March, 2000. The original of which is in the possession of Mabel B. Smith, Montesano, WA.

Note 104-2 to whom we are indebted for scanning the origianal of RMT's book and for supplying this section on the descendants of Ann Torrance.

Note 105-1 History of Westmoreland County, by John N. Bucher, vol.1, p. 168 and Pennsylvania Archives, 2nd series, vol. 15, p. 392.

Part 9

Note 107-1 Rumple's History, p.384.

Note 107-2 Probate Book 1, p.59.

Note 113-1
Bill Meyers of Seattle, WA says that Samuel Calhoun actually married Mary E. Calhoun (Mary had a sister Martha who married a David Brown). The sons were Frederick Guy and Walter Clark. There was also a son, Willie Orr, who died 27 Jul 1863 at the age of 1 yr, 9 mo, and who is buried in Henton Cemetery, Henton, Shelby Co., IL.

Bill has census records that support the above information, and have requested death registrations that I hope will cooborate it.

Note 114-1 Land Office, Harrisburg, Pa., Book 18.

Note 118-1 Rowan County Marriage Records.

Part 10

Note 120-1 Will Book B, vol. 2, p. 175.

Note 121-1 Deed Book 1, p. 239-40, Cbambersburg, Pa.

Note 121-2 Deed Book 6, p.476, and Book 10, p.176, ibid.

Note 121-3 Scharf's History or Chronicles of Maryland, p.170.

Note 121-4 Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd series, vol.20, p.353.

Note 122-1 Warrant Book, p. 259, numbered 3083, in Harrisburg, Pa.

Note 122-2 Will Book 15, p. 218.

Note 122-3 Will Book 15.

Note 123-1 Frederick, Md. Estate Docket, 1815-19, M. to Z, Book G M E 10-26 and C M E 2, p. 1.

Note 123-2 M E 2, p.354 in 1853.

Note 124-1 Carlisle. Cumberland County, Pa-, Deed Book U, vol.1, p. 482, 1810-1812, extract.

Note 124-2 Estate Docket 1815-19, M to Z, Book G M E 10-26, G M E 2, p. 371.

Note 125-1 Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Maryland-Index of Lands conveyed 1658-1815.

Note 125-2 Land Office at Harrisburg, Pa., Book 18.

Note 126-1 Rowan County Marriage Records.

Note 126-2 The 8th Congress of Scotch-Irish, published in 1908, p. 74.

Note 126-3 The 8th Congress of Scotch-Irish, published in 1908, p. 212, in 1718-19-20.

Note 126-4 Ibid., p. 218.

Note 126-5 Ibid., p. 216.

Note 126-6 Ibid., p. 286.

Note 126-7 Ibid., pp. 358-60.

Note 129-1 Book H, p. 341, Rowan County, North Carolina.

Note 129-2 Book I, p. 24, Rowan County, North Carolina.

Note 129-3 The Rowan County Marriage Records.

Note 129-4 A History of Rowan County, N. C, 1881, p.134, by the Reverend Jethro Rumple.

Note 129-5 Ibid., p. 170.

Note 130-1 A History of Rowan County, North Carolina, 1881, p.182, by the Reverend Jethro Rumple.

Note 130-2 lbid., p.220.

Note 130-3 Ibid., p. 234.

Note 130-4 Ibid., p.235.

Note 130-5 As Linde Lunney points out "If these descendants owned large silver spoons with initials in the early 18th C., then they may have been better-off than the run of the mill Torrenses that we all know and love...if there really was an Albert, he may have been in the family of a Torrens descended from a Swedish mercenary, as we suggested long ago, and that maybe points to an early branch of the Dungiven family."

Note 131-1 Orphans' Court Records, York County Pa., Book A, 1749-1762, p.125.

Note 131-2 Ibid., p.49.

Note 132-1 York County, Pa., Register's Office, Records, vol. 1 A, p.51

Note 132-2 York County, Pa., Orphans Court Docket, Book A, p. 125.

Note 132-3 Ibid., p. 49.

Note 133-1 The 8th Congress of Scotch-Irish of York and Adams Counties, pp. 374-5.

Note 133-2 Ibid., p.388.

Note 134-1 York County, Pa., Deeds, vol.2 B, p.129.

Note 134-2 History of York County, Penna., by John Gibson, p.112, annex.

Note 134-3 Ibid., p.749.

Note 136-1 Fox, see Spottsulvanil Co. Virginia Records, 1722-1800.

Note 137-1 8th Congress of Scotch4rnsh in York and Adams Counties, pub. in 1896, p.374.

Note 137-2 Will Book C, p. 138.

Note 137-3 Ibid., Book C, p.62.

Part 11

Note 141-1 See James Torrance Chapter, No. 58 William Torrence.

Note 142-2 American Biographical Notes, by Franklin B. Hough, 1875, page 675.

Note 142-1 This descent appears proven beyond much doubt, so John and his descendants are herein numbered as such.

Note 142-3 In the collection of manuscripts on Georgia history, belonging to Telemon Cuyler, Esq., of "Wychehil", Wayside, Jones County, Georgia.

Note 143-1 White's Historical Collections of Georgia, page 606.

Note 143-2 Ibid., page 682.

Note 143-3 Headrights and Land Warrants-package 1, Office of Secretary of State of Georgia, Atlanta, Georgia. Grant for 2871/2 acres in Franklin County, in 1785. Grants, vol.3, p.14.

Note 145-1 In the Court of the Ordinary, Warrenton, Warren County, Georgia.

Note 149-1 An obituary appearing in the Georgia Journal, Milledgeville, Georgia, July 24, 1827, page 3, column 5.

Part 12

Note 154-1 The family of Hugh is interesting when looked at from the viewpoint of the traditional naming patterns. The dating of Hugh's children show a regular and consistent timing between births, though it appear to be around 30 months rather than the 20 months or so in Ireland. However - note that the Hugh's third son is Hugh. The second son is Matthew Brown, clearly named after Hugh's wife, so these two are named as was traditional. It follows then that the first son John must have been named for Hugh's father. Unfortunately (as is usual with naming pattern analysis) this takes us nowhere - John was by far too common a name on those days!

The female naming pattern is not so clear. It is the fourth girl who is named for Hugh's wife, Mary. I can only suppose that the naming pattern was adhered to here, but Mary decided to forgo her privilege, naming the third child after another favoured relation and using her name for the fourth. So Hugh's mother was probably Isabel and Mary's mother was Ann.

Note 164-1 RMT's book gives the dates as

  1. 1. Jean Marie Torrence7 born May 11, 1926.
  2. 2. Charlton Kennedy Torrence, Jr.7 born October 23, 1929.
These dates were corrected by CK Torrence III, son of 2. Charlton Kennedy Torrence, Jr., in December 2014 to those shown on the page.

Death dates were also supplied by CK Torrence III who says of these two "They were both great contributors to many charitable and civic causes and the betterment of the lives of those less fortunate in Gaston County."

Part 14

Note 168-1 It is to Mrs. Sherwood that the compiler is also indebted, for much of this data.

Part 15

Note 170-1 The Descendants of Lewis Hart and Anne Elliott, by Jared Sidney Torrance, page 198.

Note 174-1 Derry Register Book-1721-l778-I-L-5-32; page 785.

Note 174-21 Ibid

Note 176-1 Information of Robert's wife comes from the Dictionary of National Biography, page 994 of the relevant volume..

Note 176-2 Prerogative Wills.

Note 177-1 Prerogative Wills.

Part 17

Note 179-1 Mayoughle, Mayoghle, Mayoughil, Mayahill, Mayohil.

Note 179-21 Marriage Notice' in South Carolina Gazette and it' Successors from 1732 to 1800, by A. S. Salley, Jr., 1902, p.102.

Note 179-3 The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Charleston, South Carolina, vol.9, no.5, p.51.

Note 179-4 Ibid., p.159.

Note 180-1 Marriage Notices in South Carolina Gazette and its Successors from 1732 to 1800, by A. S. Salley, Jr., 1902, p.102.

Note 180-2 There is actually no such 'James' mentioned in these letters and this seems to be a simple error on RMT's behalf. It is not known where this error arose as there is no corroborative evidence.

Note 181-1 The letter, referred to is dated 1804. It states that John is in America - but does not say how long he has been gone. However there are records of what are quite clearly four brothers, with their families in the 1796 Garvagh Church visitation list. These same four brothers are all recorded registering their freeeholds in Garvagh, 17 March 1796. So, in 1796 John had a family in Culnamen and left for America after that date and before 1904. So the john that is referred to in America is clearly another John Torrence, not the son of John and Jean. All three letters have been transcribed in full.

Note 181-2 Revolutionary War Records, Washington, D. C., Original No.12779. Henry Torrence, or Tarrenc-widow, Ann Torrence; served under Captain Samuel Neely's Pennsylvania Militia, War of 1812; from Zanesville, Ohio, Muskingum County; served at battle of Elton, Delaware. Ann Torrence, March 11, 1878, aged 72, resided at 62 6th Street, Zanesville, Ohio, declared that Henry Torrance volunteered at West Chester, Pennsylvania, as a private. Received Land Warrant for 160 acres; that she was Annie Trago, aged 75, July 25, 1882; married Henry Torrence on July 14,1825; that he died July 22, 1865; occupation, farmer; was about 22 years old when he enlisted; that he was born at West Chester, Pennsylvania; that they had a daughter Sarah (Sadie) Torrance, born October 20, 1850.

Note 181-3 Subsequent research and logical deduction has located more of the known children of John and Jean. See The Torrens Families of Cuknamen.

Note 182-1 Monedig is the name of the Presbyterian Church at Mayoughill, County Londonderry, which the Torrances attended.

  • Note 184-1Member of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland.

    Part X

    Note 492-1 Ellis‘s History of Fayette Co., Pa., p. 796.

    Note 492-2 Pennsylvania Archives, vol 22, p. 605.

    Note 492-3 Pennsylvania Archives, vol 23, p. 315.

    Note 492-4 Will Book 1, p. 122.

    Note 496-1 The children of Matthew and Mary (Bird) Gault, were seven: 1. James C. Gault, born January 11, 1783; died April 15, 1859, married Margaret Chain, born November 12, 1788; died December 15, 1849. 2. Matthew Gault, who married twice. 3. Joseph Gault, married Margaret Francis. 4. John Gault. 5. Samuel Gault, married Rebecca, surename not ascertained. Issue, four: i. Olive Gault. ii. Mary Gault. iii. Matthew Gault. iv. Valentine Gault. 6. Anna Gault, married William Espy. 7. Jane Gault, married Joseph Cunningham.

    Note 496-2 Ellis‘s History of Fayette County, Pa., and Irvines and their Kin, by L.J.R. Boyd, p.146.

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